In the mid-1950s, John Lennon, who liked songs of popular artists of that time Elvis Presley and Eddie Cochran, assembled musical amateur band called The Quarrymen ( The name given in honor of the school Quarry Bank, where members of the group studied).
In 1957, Paul McCartney joined The Quarrymen . In the spring of 1958 for occasional performances, and since the autumn Paul’s friend, George Harrison, permanently joined the band. These three young musicians formed the backbone of a future world-famous group. At the end of 1959, the group entered the amateur painter Stuart Sutcliffe, with whom Lennon met at art college.
The group changed its name for several times: first it was called The Quarrymen, then Johnny and The Moondogs, later became known as the Long John and The Silver Beetles, and then decided to shorten the name to The Beatles. The name is a play on words beetle and beat (hit, rhythm).
During this time the band started from performing a very simple songs skiffle (a kind of amateur British rock ‘n’ roll) to hard rock and roll of Little Richard, Chuck Berry and Carl Perkins authorship.
Until 1960, the band was known only in Liverpool, and played mainly processing of popular American songs.
In the summer of 1960 in Hamburg, the first overseas performances of The Beatles were held. In April 1961, during a second tour in Hamburg, their first professional recording was held as an accompanying ensemble with singer Tony Sheridan band recorded their single My Bonnie / The Saints. While working in the studio Lennon wrote one of his first songs Aint She Sweet.
At that time there were five players in the band: Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe (bass) and Pete Best (drums).
Upon returning home The Beatles continued to actively give concerts in Liverpool clubs, but without Sutcliffe, who decided to leave the band.
July 27, 1961. There was a concert in Liverpool Litherland Town Hall, which was their first major success. The local press called the Beatles the best rock and roll ensemble in Liverpool.
October 17, 1962. The first performance of The Beatles on television in the program People and Places, which has broadcasted their concert in Manchester.
In March 1963 they released their debut album, Please Please Me, who led the national hit parade for six months.
In November of the same year on the wake of outbroken “Beatlemania” the quartet released the second album, With The Beatles, which set a world record for the number of pre-trade applications. In total more than a million copies of it have been sold by 1965.
However, the relationship between the artists themselves began to deteriorate. January 8, 1970 their last album The Beatles “Let It Be” was released . In the same year the band broke up. A number of researchers of the group tend to see one of the forces that led to its disintegration, Yoko Ono – a Japanese artist, who was familiar with Lennon in 1966 and became his wife in 1969.
Since 2001, under the decision of UNESCO's on January 16 it is annually celebrated the World Day of The Beatles. Music lovers around the world celebrate the best band of the past XX century.